- Patricia E. Bath – Ms. Patricia E. Bath is an ophthalmologist and laser scientist who invented a new device and technique for cataract surgery known as laserphaco. She is also the first woman to chair an ophthalmology residency program in the United States.
- Charles R. Drew – Known for his innovations in blood transfusions, Dr. Charles Drew was also a surgeon and medical researcher. With his innovative techniques for better blood storage, Dr. Drew helped to save many lives during World War II, so out of his works and accomplishments emerged the American Red Cross blood bank.
- Percy Lavon Julian – Born in Montgomery, Alabama, Percy was a chemist who developed a drug that is used in the treatment of glaucoma called physostigmine. His most notable invention was his chemical synthesis of cortisone/corticosteroids – his starting point for the steroid drug industry.